First, I need to say some words about why Owners association is so important. If you read this you have probably bought at least one property in Bulgaria. May be 80% of you have communication problems and other legal difficulties with the seller of your property. Since the property bubble was quite huge, almost every “construction entrepreneur” in Bulgaria got greedy when they saw the cashflow. Construction quality got poor, client-seller relation got poor. The result is angry property owners constantly opposed by the developer.

As a short initial summary (for those who doesn’t like to read long texts), here are the benefits of having registered Owners Association:

  1. All state and local authorities take the owners seriously if represented by registered legal entity
  2. Everybody has good attitude towards Nonprofit organizations, which protect civil rights.
  3. The rights of the association members can be legally defended by OA’s representatives. Regulation authorities which respect OA litigation actions are courts, Commission for Consumer protection etc.
  4. Joint actions against developer bad practices can be performed by OAs

Normally, in almost every investment property  project there are more than one premises, sold to different individuals. These individuals join informal associations, mainly in web forums and discussion boards. They share the bad experience they had with the seller/developer and talk about maintenance woes. Talking and sharing information is good, but action is better.

Bulgaria is a country where bureaucracy is blossoming. Every authority will ask you for some kind of identification, whether it is a document (signed and stamped of course!!) or some reference from other authority. Many state and local employees won’t even talk to you until you introduce yourself as representative of something that is formally existing in their entity records. Even the developer/seller is not recognizing representatives of informal owners groups (or action groups, as often called)

In our solicitor practice in Bulgaria, we found that this authority behavior can be opposed by simply forming a NonProfit association. This is a formal legal entity, registered in the District court. It has company file number, registered address, management bodies etc. The management basically follows the rules of a company management, but the association is not a trading entity. It is used only to protect its members rights and not to gain profit.

As a case study on the benefits of having a legitimate Owners Association I can provide some examples from our practice. Our law office was helping owners of villas in one particular investment project. The developer has constant conflicts with the local cityhall and the only victims of this fight are the owners. They have addressed the issues to different authorities, but only as individuals, or in their capacity of  informal web formed association. No authority took the problems seriously. As their solicitors, we suggested that all owners formally register a legal entity in Sofia City Court. This would have made the association formal with all legal attributes.

The Owners association was formed successfully. It is managed by Management Committee and represented by the Chairman of the management. The representative addressed several letters regarding the problem to different authorities, such as the SofiaDistrict Governor, the National Construction Audit Directorate, Bulgaria Investment Agency etc. All of the said authorities have not only responded to the official correspondence, but even have agreed to meet the Owners association representative and discuss the problems of its members.

Another successful story is the formation of couple of Owners Associations of owners in Bansko apartment complexes. The developer is virtually “blackmailing” the foreign owners, but forging the common parts percentage and voting for his own company to be the maintenance company of the complexes. Of course no accountability whatsoever is provided by both the maintenance company and the developer. The owners association have been acting as intermediary between the developer and the owners in order to resolve the problems without any complications.

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  • marian o boyle 30 November 2012 Reply

    We hold gm every year. We have discussed our need for forming an owners association and we have been told we need 100% of the owners to agree to it. Surely this cannot be right as there will always be a small number of owners who will not agreefor their owm ulterior motives. Is it in the law that a owners assosiation can be formed with a majority percentage for example 80%
    I would appreciate your views on this.
    Many thanks.
    Marian o boyle

    • Milen Hristov 30 November 2012 Reply

      Dear Marian, you can register Owners association with 67% majority of the common parts. There is a specific requirements for the GM procedure and the documents that will be produced subsequently. If you are interested, give us a call at 00359 52 605997 or email me at We can advise you and conduct the Owners Association registration procedure.

      • Adam Keeble 10 October 2016

        Hi Milen, I am an owner on a complex of 200. We have an owners association but the owners are split 50/50 on most matters. This results in half the owners not paying and half electing unwanted management. Are there any independent agencies who can run an association and adjudicate on decisions where owners cannot agree.

  • Julie Bell 15 November 2016 Reply

    I have bought an apartment in a small block of 20 apartments. Initially managed by the builder who still owns a few units, restaurant boiler room etc. Eventually he decided he did not want to manage the complex any more (Due to the number of non-paying owners). We have been left to manage the place ourselves. Our problem is that we do not have the 67% of owners on board to form an owners association. This is due to the few investors who have never paid maintenance and because of the fact that the builder owns a large percentage of the building. Where do we go from here? Some more owners are now threatening to stop paying maintenance because they see that others have got away with it for so long. Soon we will be unable to afford to heat the building for winter and we fear with temperatures at times at -20 the building will be destroyed. Any advice would be greatly appreciated.

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