Hiring HGV drivers from Bulgaria

truck drivers from BulgariaHiring HGV drivers from Eastern Europe (Bulgaria, Romania, Lithuania, Latvia etc) can be a major benefit for any UK or Irish haulier. The obvious reason for this is the lower wage the HGV drivers from those countries will agree to take and the time spend on the truck will be more compared to their Western European colleagues.

How to hire HGV driver from Bulgaria

First of all, make sure your country allows Bulgarians to be employed. UK will allow Bulgarians to be employed as from beginning of 2014, so if you are a UK company, you might want to wait few more months.

However, there is easier way which is available now - it is to make a Bulgarian subsidiary of your company and get a EU operators licence for your Bulgarian company. This will save you a lot in terms of cheaper truck insurance (its about £1500/year in Bulgaria) and no UK road tax. If you wish you can call us on 00359 52 605997 or email Milen Hristov to milen@mhlegal.eu to get more information about obtaining operators licence from Bulgaria.

If you decide to get o licence from Bulgaria, you can register your trucks on the name of the Bulgarian company and then hire Bulgarian drivers (or any EU citizen as a general).

Benefits for hiring HGV drivers through a Bulgarian company

[list2]

  • Bulgarian legislation doesn't require work permits if you employ any EU member state citizen. This reduces the paper complications and bureaucracy costs.
  • Bulgarian basic truck driver gross wage is €300/month. This means that in case of legal complications your expenses will be much less. Normally compensations in Bulgaria are tied with the employment contract wage.
  • Paying the basic wage doesn't mean your drivers will receive only this. There is a legal way to pay them properly and still keep all other costs to the bare legal minimum.
  • Bulgarian legislation is quite favourable to the employers. If your employment contracts are drafted by an experienced solicitor, there will be no problems and legal complications when you release drivers from their position.

[/list2]

It's hard time for the road transport industry, so the details in this short blog post should provide some ways for your business to cut operational expenses and take advantage of the EU legislation, yet staying completely legal. Call out office at 00359 52 605997 or email to milen@mhlegal.eu for more details and quotes for getting your EU operators licence from Bulgaria.

Hiring HGV drivers from Bulgaria

truck drivers from BulgariaHiring HGV drivers from Eastern Europe (Bulgaria, Romania, Lithuania, Latvia etc) can be a major benefit for any UK or Irish haulier. The obvious reason for this is the lower wage the HGV drivers from those countries will agree to take and the time spend on the truck will be more compared to their Western European colleagues.

How to hire HGV driver from Bulgaria

First of all, make sure your country allows Bulgarians to be employed. UK will allow Bulgarians to be employed as from beginning of 2014, so if you are a UK company, you might want to wait few more months.

However, there is easier way which is available now - it is to make a Bulgarian subsidiary of your company and get a EU operators licence for your Bulgarian company. This will save you a lot in terms of cheaper truck insurance (its about £1500/year in Bulgaria) and no UK road tax. If you wish you can call us on 00359 52 605997 or email Milen Hristov to milen@mhlegal.eu to get more information about obtaining operators licence from Bulgaria.

If you decide to get o licence from Bulgaria, you can register your trucks on the name of the Bulgarian company and then hire Bulgarian drivers (or any EU citizen as a general).

Benefits for hiring HGV drivers through a Bulgarian company

[list2]

  • Bulgarian legislation doesn't require work permits if you employ any EU member state citizen. This reduces the paper complications and bureaucracy costs.
  • Bulgarian basic truck driver gross wage is €300/month. This means that in case of legal complications your expenses will be much less. Normally compensations in Bulgaria are tied with the employment contract wage.
  • Paying the basic wage doesn't mean your drivers will receive only this. There is a legal way to pay them properly and still keep all other costs to the bare legal minimum.
  • Bulgarian legislation is quite favourable to the employers. If your employment contracts are drafted by an experienced solicitor, there will be no problems and legal complications when you release drivers from their position.

[/list2]

It's hard time for the road transport industry, so the details in this short blog post should provide some ways for your business to cut operational expenses and take advantage of the EU legislation, yet staying completely legal. Call out office at 00359 52 605997 or email to milen@mhlegal.eu for more details and quotes for getting your EU operators licence from Bulgaria.

Unpaid council and state tax and the consequences

council and state tax bulgariaWe had few clients who have bought houses in the villages around Varna.  They purchased a house as an impulsive buy and never really had the intention to live in it. After they left for UK, the house was left and never maintained. Often the holiday home buyers don't think about the tax consequences of owning a property abroad. It's not just having a place in the sun.

Obligations of the property owner in Bulgaria

Whether you buy your property in Bulgaria on personal name or through a company, you have to submit a declaration to the local town council. The deadline for submission is two months from the date of the title deed signing. The reason for this declaration is to notify your local town council that you own the property and all taxes and tax notices should be send to you for payment. The address for correspondence in the tax declaration should be a Bulgarian one. Town councils don't send mail abroad.

After the tax declaration is submitted, the council will review it and depending on what type of property you have bought and what details you have declared, they will calculate the annual tax and garbage fee for you.

This is the place to mention the incompetence of some council administrators. We had a recent case where the property in question was named by the builder "building for seasonal use". The building had to be sold as a holiday apartments building and therefore was named 'for seasonal use'. You can't really do much things in Sunny Beach in the winter, can you? However, the the town council asked for double council property tax because according to them the apartment was used for commercial purposes. Despite the explanation that the apartment is not used for rental, the administrator set the tax as double. In this case, a legal appeal of the council tax notice had to be made by a solicitor.

The garbage annual fee is the other financial burden you should be aware of. The amount of the garbage fee depends on what you have declared but also on the area and the type of the property. If it is a commercial property (e.g. warehouse) it's likely your garbage fee to be bigger.

The above two financial obligations of the real estate owner in Bulgaria are the major ones, so bear in mind their payment early each year (normally by the end of March).

A non-financial requirement for people who own property on personal name is to register for Bulsat number in the Bulstat Register. The registration has to be done in 7 days after the property is bought. If you fail to do that, you will be fined.

What happens when you don't pay council tax in Bulgaria

If you don't pay your council financial obligations (council property tax and garbage fee) you will be sued by the town council. Collection of public financial obligations has been made quite easy by the Tax and Insurance Proceedings Code and the Local Tax and Fees Act. There are simplified procedures to get court orders and enforcing the court order can be done either by a public or private bailiff (enforcement agent). Naturally the bailiff will come for your assets in Bulgaria - the property. You will be send notices to your Bulgarian address and if there's no one to receive them, the procedures will progress until the property or inventory of your house is put on public auction.

How you can prevent your property to be put on public auction? Simple, just point in your tax declaration the address of your solicitor as correspondence address with the municipality. This will make sure you get all notices before it's not too late and your solicitor will respond to the notice on time.

How about state tax and other financial obligations?

If you own a property through a company you have to file nil tax declaration (unless your company is trading) and annual return every year.  Missing the deadlines for those two, will bring fines to your company and the following legal consequences for collection of these fines. The money collection will be done in the same manner as described above, so again, make sure you have a solicitor overlooking your company matters in Bulgaria. This is recommended even if your company is not trading.

If your company is trading, you have to mind also the VAT returns obligation (for annual turnover of 50,000 and above) . VAT returns are made monthly in Bulgaria, so missing a return can bring taxman in your company office and you could need again a solicitor to appeal the fines.

We at MH Legal offer solicitor services for overlooking your personal and company matters in Bulgaria. You will never miss a notice or deadline. If you receive one we'll make sure it is responded on time and in a professional manner. Contact us on 00359 52 605997 or email me to milen@mhlegal.eu to get a quote for such services.

Unpaid council and state tax and the consequences

council and state tax bulgariaWe had few clients who have bought houses in the villages around Varna.  They purchased a house as an impulsive buy and never really had the intention to live in it. After they left for UK, the house was left and never maintained. Often the holiday home buyers don't think about the tax consequences of owning a property abroad. It's not just having a place in the sun.

Obligations of the property owner in Bulgaria

Whether you buy your property in Bulgaria on personal name or through a company, you have to submit a declaration to the local town council. The deadline for submission is two months from the date of the title deed signing. The reason for this declaration is to notify your local town council that you own the property and all taxes and tax notices should be send to you for payment. The address for correspondence in the tax declaration should be a Bulgarian one. Town councils don't send mail abroad.

After the tax declaration is submitted, the council will review it and depending on what type of property you have bought and what details you have declared, they will calculate the annual tax and garbage fee for you.

This is the place to mention the incompetence of some council administrators. We had a recent case where the property in question was named by the builder "building for seasonal use". The building had to be sold as a holiday apartments building and therefore was named 'for seasonal use'. You can't really do much things in Sunny Beach in the winter, can you? However, the the town council asked for double council property tax because according to them the apartment was used for commercial purposes. Despite the explanation that the apartment is not used for rental, the administrator set the tax as double. In this case, a legal appeal of the council tax notice had to be made by a solicitor.

The garbage annual fee is the other financial burden you should be aware of. The amount of the garbage fee depends on what you have declared but also on the area and the type of the property. If it is a commercial property (e.g. warehouse) it's likely your garbage fee to be bigger.

The above two financial obligations of the real estate owner in Bulgaria are the major ones, so bear in mind their payment early each year (normally by the end of March).

A non-financial requirement for people who own property on personal name is to register for Bulsat number in the Bulstat Register. The registration has to be done in 7 days after the property is bought. If you fail to do that, you will be fined.

What happens when you don't pay council tax in Bulgaria

If you don't pay your council financial obligations (council property tax and garbage fee) you will be sued by the town council. Collection of public financial obligations has been made quite easy by the Tax and Insurance Proceedings Code and the Local Tax and Fees Act. There are simplified procedures to get court orders and enforcing the court order can be done either by a public or private bailiff (enforcement agent). Naturally the bailiff will come for your assets in Bulgaria - the property. You will be send notices to your Bulgarian address and if there's no one to receive them, the procedures will progress until the property or inventory of your house is put on public auction.

How you can prevent your property to be put on public auction? Simple, just point in your tax declaration the address of your solicitor as correspondence address with the municipality. This will make sure you get all notices before it's not too late and your solicitor will respond to the notice on time.

How about state tax and other financial obligations?

If you own a property through a company you have to file nil tax declaration (unless your company is trading) and annual return every year.  Missing the deadlines for those two, will bring fines to your company and the following legal consequences for collection of these fines. The money collection will be done in the same manner as described above, so again, make sure you have a solicitor overlooking your company matters in Bulgaria. This is recommended even if your company is not trading.

If your company is trading, you have to mind also the VAT returns obligation (for annual turnover of 50,000 and above) . VAT returns are made monthly in Bulgaria, so missing a return can bring taxman in your company office and you could need again a solicitor to appeal the fines.

We at MH Legal offer solicitor services for overlooking your personal and company matters in Bulgaria. You will never miss a notice or deadline. If you receive one we'll make sure it is responded on time and in a professional manner. Contact us on 00359 52 605997 or email me to milen@mhlegal.eu to get a quote for such services.

Purchase of debts (factoring)

In 2008, I was talking about the development of the factoring Market in Bulgaria. The credit crisis was in its peak and the few factoring companies in Bulgaria were progressing in their business. These factoring companies were sole owned by few banks. However there were also other private limited companies which deal mostly with debt portfolio purchases and debt collection. The latter have increased their market share due to the fact that they were sub-contracted by the banks to collect bad debts and foreclosures expenses.

After the creation of the property public auction website, now the debt collection business is going even further by setting up a debt portfolio auction website.Unfortunately the website is only in Bulgarian, probably the owner assuming that only Bulgarian companies will be interested in the information.

If you represent a foreign company, which plans to expand to the Bulgarian market, you need to consult a solicitor/lawyer with the specifics of the factoring market. The process of debt purchase and sale has its local Bulgarian statutory requirements, which doesn't match the international factoring practice. Call our solicitors on 00359 52 605 997 or email to Mr. Milen Hristov at milen@mhlegal.eu if you have a specific enquiry regarding the factoring business in Bulgaria.

Purchase of debts (factoring)

In 2008, I was talking about the development of the factoring Market in Bulgaria. The credit crisis was in its peak and the few factoring companies in Bulgaria were progressing in their business. These factoring companies were sole owned by few banks. However there were also other private limited companies which deal mostly with debt portfolio purchases and debt collection. The latter have increased their market share due to the fact that they were sub-contracted by the banks to collect bad debts and foreclosures expenses.

After the creation of the property public auction website, now the debt collection business is going even further by setting up a debt portfolio auction website.Unfortunately the website is only in Bulgarian, probably the owner assuming that only Bulgarian companies will be interested in the information.

If you represent a foreign company, which plans to expand to the Bulgarian market, you need to consult a solicitor/lawyer with the specifics of the factoring market. The process of debt purchase and sale has its local Bulgarian statutory requirements, which doesn't match the international factoring practice. Call our solicitors on 00359 52 605 997 or email to Mr. Milen Hristov at milen@mhlegal.eu if you have a specific enquiry regarding the factoring business in Bulgaria.

Company Liquidation of Your Bulgarian Company

wind up bulgarian company

As Bulgarian qualified solicitors, we were among the first ones in 2008 to alarm the foreign property owners of the compulsory liquidations that would follow if they had fail to re-register their holding limited companies. Now the liquidation process has been initiated and there are still property owners that have no idea of the legal process going on in Bulgaria. Therefore this blog article is to alarm all those property owners, who has limited companies and haven't re-registered them by the end of 2012.

I hear many 'legal advice' on expat forums such as that you can sell the property and just abandon the company; or you can make a fictional sale of the property to yourself and then liquidate the company. Such options may seem tempting, but they are totally wrong and let me explain why.

Transfer of property from the liquidated company to own name by fictive sale

This is in fact what 99.9% of the solicitors in Bulgaria offer to their customers. As a company owner, you would probably hear that this is the only way to get all the liquidation mess sorted, but you are wrong. This is just an expensive workaround and may create even bigger accounting mess than you have thought - not only in Bulgaria but with regard to your UK matters too.

Most of the solicitors will offer a fictive sale which will be certified at the tax value of your property. Indeed, this reduces the transfer costs to the bare minimum, but what happens to your company accounting? A total mess. Let's say you have bought your rural house for £25,000 (or for £4000, but have put an extra £10,000 for renovation). Your solicitors offers you a fictive sale  for £1500, which your liquidated company will receive as purchase price. First of all cheating of the tax office is not a good idea. False declaration of facts, besides being a criminal offence, is also a tax evasion, so if you are caught our NRA will notify probably HMRC too. While you think you can escape Bulgarian authorities (especially foreigners who live in Bulgaria have this illusion), HMRC are far more persistant and sneaky.

Abandoning the company after property sale without initiating liquidation

This is one totally wrong idea! Even if you plan to leave Bulgaria for good, the EU legal enforcement rules can follow you in any EU member state and enforce the due taxes, fines etc. Moreover  if you are among the people with un-reregistered companies, you can't sell you property, as the  Commercial register Act explicitly bans property deal with un-reregistered companies. Such deals are considered void and null by the statutory rules.

The right approach to liquidate a Bulgarian company

First of all, you should appoint a solicitor who knows what he is doing. Not all solicitors are specialising in company liquidation, so be careful whom you instruct. The property transfer to your own name, can be done as part of the assets distribution to the company shareholders. It is not a sale and it is part of the specifics of the company liquidation procedure. We are specialising in company registrations and liquidations and if you want to liquidate your Bulgarian company, give us a call at 00359 52 605997 or email me to milen@mhlegal.eu. We will review your company, subject to liquidation, and will provide a quote for the total expense for closing the company and transferring the property to shareholders' names.

Company Liquidation of Your Bulgarian Company

wind up bulgarian company

As Bulgarian qualified solicitors, we were among the first ones in 2008 to alarm the foreign property owners of the compulsory liquidations that would follow if they had fail to re-register their holding limited companies. Now the liquidation process has been initiated and there are still property owners that have no idea of the legal process going on in Bulgaria. Therefore this blog article is to alarm all those property owners, who has limited companies and haven't re-registered them by the end of 2012.

I hear many 'legal advice' on expat forums such as that you can sell the property and just abandon the company; or you can make a fictional sale of the property to yourself and then liquidate the company. Such options may seem tempting, but they are totally wrong and let me explain why.

Transfer of property from the liquidated company to own name by fictive sale

This is in fact what 99.9% of the solicitors in Bulgaria offer to their customers. As a company owner, you would probably hear that this is the only way to get all the liquidation mess sorted, but you are wrong. This is just an expensive workaround and may create even bigger accounting mess than you have thought - not only in Bulgaria but with regard to your UK matters too.

Most of the solicitors will offer a fictive sale which will be certified at the tax value of your property. Indeed, this reduces the transfer costs to the bare minimum, but what happens to your company accounting? A total mess. Let's say you have bought your rural house for £25,000 (or for £4000, but have put an extra £10,000 for renovation). Your solicitors offers you a fictive sale  for £1500, which your liquidated company will receive as purchase price. First of all cheating of the tax office is not a good idea. False declaration of facts, besides being a criminal offence, is also a tax evasion, so if you are caught our NRA will notify probably HMRC too. While you think you can escape Bulgarian authorities (especially foreigners who live in Bulgaria have this illusion), HMRC are far more persistant and sneaky.

Abandoning the company after property sale without initiating liquidation

This is one totally wrong idea! Even if you plan to leave Bulgaria for good, the EU legal enforcement rules can follow you in any EU member state and enforce the due taxes, fines etc. Moreover  if you are among the people with un-reregistered companies, you can't sell you property, as the  Commercial register Act explicitly bans property deal with un-reregistered companies. Such deals are considered void and null by the statutory rules.

The right approach to liquidate a Bulgarian company

First of all, you should appoint a solicitor who knows what he is doing. Not all solicitors are specialising in company liquidation, so be careful whom you instruct. The property transfer to your own name, can be done as part of the assets distribution to the company shareholders. It is not a sale and it is part of the specifics of the company liquidation procedure. We are specialising in company registrations and liquidations and if you want to liquidate your Bulgarian company, give us a call at 00359 52 605997 or email me to milen@mhlegal.eu. We will review your company, subject to liquidation, and will provide a quote for the total expense for closing the company and transferring the property to shareholders' names.

How to Make a Bulgarian Will

make a bulgarian will solicitorMany Britons and Irish who own properties in Bulgaria are turning to me with the question how to make a Bulgarian willThere is a huge difference between the Bulgarian Wills and Probate process and the UK one. That's why the Bulgarian will has to be drafted as much close to the UK requirements as possible. Before we go through the details how you can make a will in Bulgaria, we have to clarify some jurisdiction specific topics. If you have already made a will in UK, check below if it is not in contradiction to the statutory requirements in Bulgaria.

What you can put in your Bulgarian will

As you are probably a UK citizen, your will is generally regulated by the statutes of  the UK laws. Your UK will can contain how your  bank accounts, movables, intellectual property etc. can be disposed after your death. However, a general legal principle provides that any rights and obligations concerning a real estate property are regulated by the jurisdiction,where the property is located. Following this principle, you can see the specific regulation in the Bulgarian International Private Code:

[blockquote]Article 89 (2) Succession to immovable property shall be governed by the law of the State in which the said property is situated[/blockquote]

However this could be interpreted also for the probate process (death without will). Therefore the Code also provides explicit regulation, so that wills are valid, namely:

[blockquote]Article 90. (1) The capacity of a person to dispose of the property thereof by means of a will (making and revocation) shall be governed by the law applicable according to Article 89 herein.[/blockquote]

As you can see, Article 90 refers the will regulation to Article 89 and we can clearly see that if you want to include your Bulgarian real estate property in a will, the latter should be made in Bulgaria, according to the statutes of the Bulgarian law.

How can I make my Bulgarian will

It's easy to make a Bulgarian will. We, at MHLegal solicitors can draft your will, so that it conforms with the Bulgarian statutory requirements. Moreover we can make your will bilingual - both in Bulgarian and English language, because many translators in Bulgaria are just not aware of the legal terminology, which on the other hand can bring more troubles than benefits for the heirs of the deceased.

When you instruct our solicitors to prepare a draft of Bulgarian will for you, we will look at all aspects of the process, including going through a very simple process of estate planning in Bulgaria. We will look at your current property status - whether you own the real estate on your personal name(s) or through a limited company and will suggest the best way forward.

After the final draft is approved by you, you will have to attend a notary public office in Bulgaria, so that the will is certified. There are two types of will in Bulgaria:

[list2]

  • Handwritten will and
  • Notarised will

[/list2]

The first type of will cannot be used by foreigners unless they can write, speak and understand Bulgarian. The statutory requirement for a handwritten will is that it is written in Bulgarian language. Therefore we assume most of the English who own properties in Bulgaria cannot use this option for their Bulgarian will. Even if someone considers that he is fluent in Bulgarian, a future will dispute will complicate the matter as the heirs will need to prove if their ancestor had been fluent in Bulgarian indeed.

The second option for a Bulgarian will suits our needs perfectly. There are a few benefits of the notarised will before the handwritten one.

First of all, the notarised will is witnessed by the notary public, who has official witness functions in Bulgaria. Therefore any disputes of the will are to be more difficult. Secondly, the notary keeps a book of all notarised wills e.g. there will be an original at notary's archive after the person's death. Even if the original is lost, the heirs can always get a copy from the notary's archive.

And thirdly, the wills are registered at the Registry Agency.  The wills have to be signed also by two witnesses. Every person has to make a separate will e.g. a married couple cannot make a single will.

Claiming and Disputing a Bulgarian will

Claiming the will is as simple as using the original for disposal deals. Of course this has to be done after the death of the person who made the will. Normally the authority where you present the will,  requires a death certificate, legalised in UK, if the person died in the UK. If you will be using the will in UK (e.g. probate court), the Bulgarian will has to bear an apostille issued by the Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Disputing a will can be done by the lawful heirs of the deceased and can be initiated only before the Bulgarian courts.

If you want to make a Bulgarian will, call our solicitors at +359 52 605 997, or email to milen@mhlegal.eu Alternatively, you can use the contact form on our website.

How to Make a Bulgarian Will

make a bulgarian will solicitorMany Britons and Irish who own properties in Bulgaria are turning to me with the question how to make a Bulgarian willThere is a huge difference between the Bulgarian Wills and Probate process and the UK one. That's why the Bulgarian will has to be drafted as much close to the UK requirements as possible. Before we go through the details how you can make a will in Bulgaria, we have to clarify some jurisdiction specific topics. If you have already made a will in UK, check below if it is not in contradiction to the statutory requirements in Bulgaria.

What you can put in your Bulgarian will

As you are probably a UK citizen, your will is generally regulated by the statutes of  the UK laws. Your UK will can contain how your  bank accounts, movables, intellectual property etc. can be disposed after your death. However, a general legal principle provides that any rights and obligations concerning a real estate property are regulated by the jurisdiction,where the property is located. Following this principle, you can see the specific regulation in the Bulgarian International Private Code:

[blockquote]Article 89 (2) Succession to immovable property shall be governed by the law of the State in which the said property is situated[/blockquote]

However this could be interpreted also for the probate process (death without will). Therefore the Code also provides explicit regulation, so that wills are valid, namely:

[blockquote]Article 90. (1) The capacity of a person to dispose of the property thereof by means of a will (making and revocation) shall be governed by the law applicable according to Article 89 herein.[/blockquote]

As you can see, Article 90 refers the will regulation to Article 89 and we can clearly see that if you want to include your Bulgarian real estate property in a will, the latter should be made in Bulgaria, according to the statutes of the Bulgarian law.

How can I make my Bulgarian will

It's easy to make a Bulgarian will. We, at MHLegal solicitors can draft your will, so that it conforms with the Bulgarian statutory requirements. Moreover we can make your will bilingual - both in Bulgarian and English language, because many translators in Bulgaria are just not aware of the legal terminology, which on the other hand can bring more troubles than benefits for the heirs of the deceased.

When you instruct our solicitors to prepare a draft of Bulgarian will for you, we will look at all aspects of the process, including going through a very simple process of estate planning in Bulgaria. We will look at your current property status - whether you own the real estate on your personal name(s) or through a limited company and will suggest the best way forward.

After the final draft is approved by you, you will have to attend a notary public office in Bulgaria, so that the will is certified. There are two types of will in Bulgaria:

[list2]

  • Handwritten will and
  • Notarised will

[/list2]

The first type of will cannot be used by foreigners unless they can write, speak and understand Bulgarian. The statutory requirement for a handwritten will is that it is written in Bulgarian language. Therefore we assume most of the English who own properties in Bulgaria cannot use this option for their Bulgarian will. Even if someone considers that he is fluent in Bulgarian, a future will dispute will complicate the matter as the heirs will need to prove if their ancestor had been fluent in Bulgarian indeed.

The second option for a Bulgarian will suits our needs perfectly. There are a few benefits of the notarised will before the handwritten one.

First of all, the notarised will is witnessed by the notary public, who has official witness functions in Bulgaria. Therefore any disputes of the will are to be more difficult. Secondly, the notary keeps a book of all notarised wills e.g. there will be an original at notary's archive after the person's death. Even if the original is lost, the heirs can always get a copy from the notary's archive.

And thirdly, the wills are registered at the Registry Agency.  The wills have to be signed also by two witnesses. Every person has to make a separate will e.g. a married couple cannot make a single will.

Claiming and Disputing a Bulgarian will

Claiming the will is as simple as using the original for disposal deals. Of course this has to be done after the death of the person who made the will. Normally the authority where you present the will,  requires a death certificate, legalised in UK, if the person died in the UK. If you will be using the will in UK (e.g. probate court), the Bulgarian will has to bear an apostille issued by the Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Disputing a will can be done by the lawful heirs of the deceased and can be initiated only before the Bulgarian courts.

If you want to make a Bulgarian will, call our solicitors at +359 52 605 997, or email to milen@mhlegal.eu Alternatively, you can use the contact form on our website.